Pet Owner Corner August 08, 2020

Cat Care Guide





What is the benefit of having a cat?

Cats help people feel good, stay well, and improve their health. A short time spent with a purring cat calms people even in stressful situations. Cat companions tend to have lower blood pressure, cholesterol, and resting heart rates. When a child grows up in a home with a cat, he is less likely to develop allergies.

How to raise a cat?

There is no doubt that having a cat is a great idea. Many people are very keen on having cats, even though cats are a big responsibility. So before becoming a cat companion, it is necessary to ensure that they have everything they need. These needs include feeding, vaccinations, exercise, grooming, handling, housing, medication, and other essential equipment and supplies.

How to feed a cat?

Choosing the cat's food depends on factors that include age, activity level, physical condition, and health history. Cats are carnivores, so in the wild, they eat the prey animals which they hunt, the carcasses of an animal consist of raw meat, organs, bones, and small amounts of vegetable matter present in the gut of their prey. So cats need a source of animal protein to live in good health.

  • Newly born kittens under six weeks old should remain with their mother. During the kitten development, the pet companion needs to regularly weigh the kitten and record the weight on a dated chart.

  • From the age of 4-6 weeks old, a kitten may start drinking milk with a bottle. At the age of five weeks old, the kitten owner gradually introduced soft and wet kitten food mixed with equal parts of a Kitten Milk Replacer.

  • At six weeks old, a kitten can eat canned food alone. At the age of 6 weeks, feed the kitten Three or more small meals, regularly separated throughout the day.

  • At the age of 12 Weeks, increase the amount of each meal, and gradually space them out to three meals a day.

  • At the age of 6 months, gradually space out their meals to twice daily with more significant portions. At the age of one year, the cat deems an Adult to be fed maintenance food twice daily. There are many choices to feed a cat, canned, dry, or homemade food. Cats on dry food diet should consume an adequate amount of clean water.

Before deciding how to feed a cat, consult with a veterinarian to choose the best food for the cat.

How to vaccinate a cat?

Some say cats have nine lives; however, cat vaccination is a must to protect the cat from severe and even fatal diseases. Of course, to vaccinate a cat, consult a veterinarian first.

According to the American Association of Feline Practitioners, cat vaccinations divided into two main categories; 1-Core vaccines: all cats should receive this group of vaccines. These vaccines protect cats of highly infectious and dangerous diseases. 2-Non-core vaccines: these are appropriate for some cats depending on their lifestyle, health status, current prevalence of certain diseases, and exposure to other cats.

Core vaccines:

1-Rabies A zoonotic disease that is transmissible and fatal to humans. Cats are not considering a natural carrier for rabies. However, just like other mammals, they can become infected from a bite of another infected animal, and then pass it on. Kittens get the Rabies vaccinations between the ages of 8 and 16 weeks old, followed by a booster dose administrated at the age of one year and repeated annually.

2-FVRCP Including Feline Rhinotracheitis Virus/Herpesvirus 1 (FVR/FHV-1), Feline Calicivirus (FCV), Feline Panleukopenia (FPV). These vaccines are combined into a single vaccine to avoid injecting a cat multiple times. Administration of the initial dose at six to eight weeks of age. Booster doses scheduled 3-4 week intervals until the kitten is 16 weeks old and repeated one year later.

Non-Core vaccines:

Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) Infection occurs through body fluids such as saliva, urine, and feces from infected cats may suffer from anemia, immune suppression, and cancer. The initial vaccination divided into two doses four weeks apart, followed by a booster dose at the age of one year and repeated annually.

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) Infection occurs by the saliva of infected cats through bite wounds. This vaccine is not as effective as most other vaccines as it contained certain strains of the virus, so give protection against some FIV infections. The initial dose is followed up by two doses (2-4 weeks) apart and then followed by booster dose annually.

Bordetella bronchiseptica (kennel cough) Infection occurs through direct contact with the nasal and oral discharge of an infected cat. This vaccine is available as intra-nasal.

Chlamydia felis: infection causes conjunctivitis and upper respiratory symptoms in cats. Vaccination is recommended in certain circumstances as the vaccine may make cats sick for several weeks. In some countries, it is part of the FVRCP shot.

What are the basic supplies a cat will need?

Food and Water Bowls The cat will need a wide plated and shallow food dish and a water bowl, choose smooth and easy to wash made particularly for cats. Change the food and water daily.

Cat Scratching Post One of the natural instinctive behavior for felines is scratching and clawing. Cats usually scratch when they wake up, so put the Scratching Post near the cat sleeping place.

Toys Hunting is a natural behavior of cats, so they need toys to have some fun. Remember to put away toys with strings after playing to keep the cat safe. A cat needs a variety of toys. Choose toys that change in texture and shape when played with, which will simulate prey.

Litter Box The cat needs a generous litter box for urination and defecation. A fit box is one and half times the size of the cat. Scoop the cat litter from the box every day. A Solid litter box lasts for years.

Cat Toothbrush Start brush cat’s teeth when they are young as dental disease is widespread in cats. It will be better to use a soft-bristled toothbrush once a day.

Metal Cat Comb Usually, cats like their head and body brushed. There are a wide variety of good brushes and gloves available. Start slowly grooming the cat when they are a kitten.

Bed Most cats seek a warm, safe place for rest and sleep.

Cat Nail Clipper Remember, the cat needs trimming nails to prevent injury and damage to housewares. Ask the vet which type of clipper is best or leave it to the vet during visits.

Cat Collar and Tags A collar and identification tag is necessary for all cats even they stay indoors. To protect the cat of escaping from home. Be sure of putting the collar tightly enough to avoid loos of it.

How to keep the cat clean?

Cats spend about 1/3 of their waking time in self-grooming. Brush the cat at least once a week. Grooming is essential for many reasons as it removes loose hair and smooths cat coat, regulates body temperature in the hot season, keeps cat coat waterproof through stimulating hair glands, and removes parasites. Remember that bathing the cat is unnecessary if the cat is clean and healthy because many cats do not tolerate it well.

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