Iguana is one of the most popular pet reptiles. When they are young, iguanas measure less than 30 cm. When they reach the adult size after three years, they can grow to become as long as 2 meters.
In the wild, iguanas spend most of their lives climbing trees. Iguanas are cold-blooded animals, they need to bask their body in a warm environment every day, and during cold seasons they stay close to the ground to keep warm.
The high forest trees of South America are the original habitat of iguanas. Logically, no artificial environment can simulate this existence. However, pet companions can provide the love and care that can keep their iguanas happy.
The first consideration is solitude; iguanas cherish their personal space. Hence, pet companions are advised against allowing many iguanas to share a confined environment. Another consideration when choosing the iguana environment is hight.
Iguanas in the wild live most of their lives climbing trees and looking down on the jungle, so a suitable iguana environment should be elevated. It should also be wide enough for freedom of movement and edges for the iguana to climb, and for the pet companion to clean and maintain the iguana environment integrity.
The iguana environment must have multiple light sources for body temperature regulation. Aquariums are ideal for caring for baby iguana as they retain moisture well, and are easy to clean. A permanent home for an iguana can be expensive, but that might be the best choice for comfortably housing adult iguana. A 423 meters in dimensions are suitable to house most iguanas.
There are many online tutorials for building a comfortable home for iguanas. However, pet companions are urged to use suitable quality materials in their projects, such as proper swimming pools, climbing branches, shelves, and litter boxes. A suspended litter box is an excellent choice, as it makes litter cleaning a more manageable process on the pet companion.
Iguana companions should clean their pets' environment at least once a week. They should use a highly absorbent lining for the iguana environment, such as reptile bark, orchid bark, cypress mulch, sphagnum moss, rabbit pellets, and alfalfa pellet. Iguanas are tropical creatures, so they need their room temperatures at about 30°c to be able to digest food. Humidity inside the iguanas' environment should not reach below %70 to maintain healthy skin, to ensure that -pet companions are urged to- mist the iguana environment twice daily.
Iguanas are herbivores; high protein diets can cause kidney failure. An Iguana should have fresh food daily. The iguana has different choices of excellent quality commercial food. Pet companions are advised to mix the store-bought food with leafy greens, fruit, and a calcium supplement to provide a delicious hearty meal for their pet iguanas.
All the food should be chopped into small pieces because iguanas swallow food without chewing. All uneaten food should be removed after 24 hours.
The quantity of food will vary according to the size of the Iguana size. So consult your veterinarian to determine the amount of feed the iguana needs to maintain a healthy weight. And don't forget, iguanas should have access to fresh, clean water at all times, so clean the water dish daily, and make sure the water inside is clean.